As per the research done by the ICMR (Indian Council for medical Research), the top cause of death in urban India is Cardio Vascular Disease (Heart Disease).Cardiovascular Diseases accounts for one-fourth of the deaths in India.
This growing trend is in accordance with the growing economy of India and the urbanization over the past decades. A large section of the population is moving towards unhealthy lifestyles with decreasing physical activity and increasing stress levels. There is a huge interdependence between the health of individuals and economic growth. Between 2005 and 2015, India is projected to shave 1% off the GDP, because of the heart ailments.So to help the patients suffering from heart diseases, following protocol is undertaken: Prevention, Intervention, and Maintenance.
It aims in educating and developing awareness amongst the masses, in relation to the cardiac ailments. The Corporate in the Metropolitan Cities have also started considering prevention as an investment in human capital to improve efficiency and productivity. They are also including regular Health Risk Assessments, wherein employees are periodically tested and provided health counselors for regular advice.
The intervention stage, basically deals with the involvement of the Cardiologists, or the Cardiac Surgeons, in treating the ailment. The Cardiologist or the Heart Doctor is specialist in treatment of Congenital Heart defects, Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Failure, and Valvular Diseases. India has made significant progress on treating cardiac ailments in metropolitan cities with state-of-the-art infrastructure, availability of latest medical technology/equipment with advanced treatments and highly qualified doctors. The best cardiologists in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata, are continuously, updating themselves with the current trend in minimal invasive Cardiac Surgeries, and also with the latest advances in detecting the minutest details regarding the diagnosis involving Heart.
In this stage, the patient needs to focus on maintenance of the lifestyle, and also to regularly monitor his/her health. For this many big hospitals are employing regular follow up policies and also developing, Rehabilitation Centres, Home Nurses and Disease management Programmes.
Affordability and Availability as the main hurdles in curbing Heart ailments
The best cardiologist in Delhi and in other major cities are available only at very high cost, and the communications with the doctors is not possible, due to their high engagement in the medical practices and fixed time schedules.