Monthly Archives: April 2017

Americans Fear Alzheimer’s More Than Heart Disease, Diabetes Or Stroke, But Few Prepare

Americans fear Alzheimer’s disease more than any illness other than cancer-and for older people, concerns about Alzheimer’s outrank even cancer. More than a third of all Americans know a family member or friend who has Alzheimer’s, and nearly two-thirds of Americans believe they will have to provide care someday for someone with Alzheimer’s.

These are just some of the results from a January 2006 MetLife Foundation/Harris Interactive poll of American adults. The survey, found in “MetLife Foundation Alzheimer’s Survey: What America Thinks,” included questions about how people view Alzheimer’s disease, what they know about it and what they are doing to plan for a future that may include the deadly illness.

A progressive brain disorder that science has yet to defeat, Alzheimer’s gradually destroys a person’s memory and ability to reason, communicate and function. Currently, 4.5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease, and the Alzheimer’s Association estimates that these numbers will grow to as many as 16 million Americans by 2050. Increasing age is the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer’s. One in 10 individuals over 65 and nearly half of those over 85 are affected. The Alzheimer’s Association and the National Institute on Aging estimate that direct and indirect costs of current care are at least $100 billion annually.

The survey results underscore not only the fears that people have about this illness, but also the disturbing fact that few are prepared to face a future that may include Alzheimer’s.

Key findings from the poll, which was commissioned by MetLife Foundation, are summarized in a report available at They include:

Americans fear Alzheimer’s disease. When people are asked to name the disease they are most afraid of getting from a list of illnesses, one out of five picks Alzheimer’s, while only 14 percent worry about heart disease and 13 percent are concerned about stroke. Only cancer tops Alzheimer’s. In fact, adults aged 55 and older fear getting Alzheimer’s even more than cancer.

Americans know little or nothing about Alzheimer’s. While virtually all of those surveyed are aware of the disease (93 percent), almost three-quarters (74 percent) say they know only a little or nothing at all about Alzheimer’s.

One-third of Americans say they have direct experience with Alzheimer’s disease. One in three Americans (35 percent) has a family member and/or friend with Alzheimer’s.

Most Americans are concerned that they will be responsible at some point for caring for someone with Alzheimer’s disease. More than three out of five people worry that they will have to eventually provide or care for someone with the disease.

Most Americans recognize the need to create a plan to address the possibility of Alzheimer’s disease, but very few have taken steps to do so. More than eight out of 10 Americans think it is important to plan ahead for the possibility of getting Alzheimer’s disease. However, despite the overwhelming agreement that planning is important, almost no one has taken action. Nearly nine out of 10 Americans say they have made no comprehensive plans. The survey shows that Americans know enough about Alzheimer’s disease to fear its onset, but have not taken any steps to provide for the possibility of developing the disease.

Americans’ fears of Alzheimer’s are justified, given its increasing presence among a population that will live longer. As the population ages, it is essential to learn as much as possible about the disease and plan for the future.

What Is A Treadmill Stress Test

Treadmill stress test is performed to search for abnormal heart beat, decrease supply of oxygen/blood to heart, indicate coronary artery disease, detect irregular heart rhythms and overall cardiovascular conditioning of the person undergoing a treadmill stress test. Treadmill stress test is useful to screen people who desire to start an exercise regimen and help to make plans accordingly.

During a treadmill stress test, electrical activity during exercise or during physical exertion on a treadmill is recorded. Treadmill stress test mainly records the heart rate and heart rhythm while the patient is walking on a treadmill. A treadmill stress test also is known as an exercise electrocardiogram. Treadmill stress test is performed on doctor request/prescription. A treadmill stress test is very safe, reliable, non-invasive and not too expensive to do.

In a treadmill stress test the patient is connected to an electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) machine and a blood pressure cuff is placed on the arm. Electrodes will be placed on the patient during the treadmill stress test at different locations on the arms and chest. A sensor may be attached to the finger of the patient to measure the level of oxygen in the blood during the treadmill stress test. EKG and blood pressure records will be taken before and during the treadmill stress test. Initially during the treadmill stress test the patient is made to walk on the treadmill at a slow speed. The pace of the treadmill increases and the incline is raised during the course of the treadmill stress test. The test lasts about 10-15 or sometimes 60 minutes depending upon the level of recovery and cardiovascular conditioning of the individual during the treadmill stress test.

The speed and incline of the treadmill during the treadmill stress test is increased gradually or in intervals. A Cardiologist and a technician are required to be there during the treadmill stress test. Blood pressure rates and breathing rates are recorded and measured during the test.

During the treadmill stress test the electrodes detect the electrical impulses generated by the heart, and transmit them to the ECG/EKG machine. The ECG/EKG machine produces a graph (ECG tracing) of those cardiac electrical impulses. The doctor monitors changes in ECG/EKG patterns during the treadmill stress test. Symptoms experienced by the patient during the treadmill stress test will be looked at and recorded by the doctor. If the patient feels exhausted, has chest pains or is tired then the treadmill stress test is stopped.

Treadmill stress tests help to determine if the blood and oxygen flow to the heart is sufficient when it is under an increased workload. Treadmill stress test also indicates coronary artery disease or abnormal heart rhythms during workload or exertion. Cardiac condition relating to irregular heart rhythms can be evaluated during treadmill stress test. Treadmill stress test helps doctor to see how hard the heart can work before symptoms develop, the recovery pace of the heart after exertion, and the overall level of cardiovascular conditioning. Doctors can detect the severity of coronary artery disease during the treadmill stress test. Whether or not drugs which are prescribed to treat patients are working can be also detected during the treadmill stress test.

During the treadmill stress test the purpose of increasing to higher levels of exertion in stages is because problems occur as the patient performs certain activities. During the treadmill stress test as the person starts increasing the level of exertion, the heart requires more blood and energy and if the heart doesn’t get it then there is chest pain, breathing problems or dizziness. If these symptoms appear during the treadmill stress test, then the problem is recognized and treatment is started.

Risk involved in the treadmill stress test is very small. Treadmill stress test is similar to jogging, running a flight of stairs, etc. However, treadmill stress test is required to be performed with the attendance of technician and medical staff to manage complications like sustained irregular heart beats, unrelieved chest pain, heart attack, etc. Treadmill stress test is an effective way to detect and evaluate problems relating to the heart and to follow and plan treatment depending upon the severity of symptoms detected during the treadmill stress test.

The Connection Between Gum Disease And Heart Disease

Taking care of your teeth and gums is extremely important. Gum disease and tooth decay can be both costly and uncomfortable problems to deal with. But recent studies have shown that taking care of your teeth and gums may be even more important than once thought. According to studies, people who suffer from periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease. Information like this highlights the importance of maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Next time you are brushing or flossing, remember that you might also be helping to lower your risk for heart disease.

Understanding Where The Link Comes From

The link between periodontal and cardiovascular disease most likely comes from the buildup of plaque. In fact, the very same plaque that builds up on your teeth and gums can enter your bloodstream and create blockages of your arteries. These blockages obstruct the flow of blood and nutrients to your heart. In serious cases, this can lead to a heart attack.

Although most people understand that gum disease and tooth decay can be very serious problems, most do not see them as life threatening or on the same level as other more serious health problems. However, with the realization that oral health can have a direct affect on the health of your heart, it is time to start paying closer attention to keeping up with your oral health if you are not already.

Coronary Artery Disease

The leading cause of death in the United States is coronary artery disease. When plaque begins to build up in your arteries, it hardens and creates a blockage of the flow of blood to your heart. A number of significant problems can result from this. Chest pain, heart arrhythmias or heart attacks can all result from the buildup of plaque in your arteries. Because of this fact, it is very important to do anything you can to lessen your risk for heart disease. This consists of exercise, proper diet, quitting smoking and taking care of your oral health to lower your potential risk for cardiovascular disease.

To maintain healthy teeth and gums, it is very important for you to brush at least twice per day, generally after meals. It is also essential to floss between your teeth every day to reach areas that your toothbrush cannot. You also need to make frequent visits to your Midlothian dentist for cleanings and checkups. He or she will be able to clean your teeth using tools and techniques that you are not able to perform and can examine your teeth and gums to catch any potential problems early on.

To learn more about the connection between gum disease and heart disease or to schedule an appointment, contact your dentist in Midlothian, VA today.

Health 101 What Is Heart Disease

Valentine’s Day makes February a natural for American Heart Period of time. How can you make sure your heart helps keep going pitter-patter, without going kerplunk? Let’s count the ways…

Be critical of the inclusions and exclusions each and every travel insurance coverage you consider buying. Think about the possibility obtaining a condition flare up during cardiocore [] trip even should you have it treated beforehand, coverage may be questionable if you aren’t a part of a health maintenance organization (HMO). In Mexico or Canada, services through Medicare may end as complete compared to when person uses it inside nation.

The nice thing about it is presently there are simply few causes of heart ailment that are coming from our control, such as genetic predisposition, family history and aging. Need to is something of possibility. Even small lifestyle improvements can create a significant disparity. Weight control, good nutrition, regular exercise and stress reduction are part and parcel of that. All of these is fully achievable for everyone with enough commitment and willingness to make the necessary efforts. Raising awareness is often a good start, but there is end generally there.

Its not merely the hype using the chocolate providers. Here are the results of just four scientific, placebo-controlled studies recently conducted by physicians and universities all in the world, to prove i always can eat dark chocolate for heart health without any guilt.

“Beet” cardiovascular illnesses. Beets contain the antioxidant betanin, which guide keep Cholestrerol levels from clogging your arteries, according along with study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemical break down. Moreover, this root vegetable is a good source of folic acid, which helps to pack in that heart-hurtin’ homocysteine. Top sources of folic acid include spinach, broccoli, romaine lettuce and papaya.

This product contains wholesome and 100 % natural ingredients. It contains whole oat flour, oat bran, evaporated cane juice (a healthy alternative to sugar), yellow corn meal, corn flour, kashi Seven Whole Grains and Sesame flour, oat fiber, wheat germ, honey, salt, decaffeinated green tea extract, sodium bicarbonate, alpha tocoperol acetate (natural vitamin E), vit c (vitamin C) natural flavor, activin, grape seed extract, decaffeinated white tea extract, turmeric (for color), pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), ferrous fumarate, zinc oxide, beta carotene (vitamin A), folic acid, and vitamin B12.

The heart beats about 70 times a minute, 100,000 times a day and about 36 million times each year. It pumps the equal of 2,500 – 5,000 gallons of blood per day through approximately 60,000 miles (100,000 km) of arteries. During the normal lifetime, cardiovascular system will beat more than 2.5 billion times.

As someone has rightly quoted, ‘If you love someone dearly, just set him free, if he comes back, he is yours. If he doesn’t he was not ever…’ So cheer right up! If you have some are more suggestions or ways to fix a broken heart, please feel free to produce a feedback.

Congenital Heart Disease and Physical Therapy

Congenital heart diseases refers to the structural (anatomical) or physiological defects in the normal functioning of the heart as a result of birth defects that may be diagnosed soon after birth or may take years to produce full blown cardiac insufficiency. Valvular heart defects form the most common variety of congenital cardiac defect that is associated with high morbidity and mortality in adult years if no management options are employed. This is because the metabolic demands of the body increase with growth and development that poses more pressure on the heart leading to cardiac failure or circulatory deficits. With overall prevalence of 26.6%, it was suggested that only 12.1% cases can be detected by clinical evaluation. Among the most prevalent congenital cardiac defects, ventricular septal abnormalities comprise 17.3% of all congenital anomalies followed by atrial septal defects (6.0%) and other less common cardiac diseases. The mortality is highest with cyanotic heart diseases.

According to the research statistics reported by Julien I.E Hoffman, over 1 million patients were born with congenital heart defects (during 1940 to 2002). Considering the quality of medical services and surgical/ medical advancements, Hoffman suggested that the total number of survivors with mild heart disease (who may reach well into adulthood) is 750,000 with mild heart disease, 400,000 with moderate heart disease and 180,000 with severe disease (with treatment). Without any management or treatment the survival rate may fall to 400,000 with mild disease, 220,000 with moderate disease, and 30,000 with severe heart disease, suggesting very high mortality.

Congenital heart diseases are also associated with stunted growth and development in children marked by poor weight gain, failure to thrive and frequent hospitalizations while growing up. In addition, these children also develop frequent episodes of shortness of breath, rapid heart rate (also known as tachycardia) and attacks of fatigue associated with decreased exercise endurance.
Physical therapy and mild exercises are helpful in the growth and development of children born with congenital heart disease. It is extremely important not to initiate exercise therapies in these children without seeking the guidance from registered physical therapists who work in coordination with the pediatric cardiologist to deliver best exercise regimens in order to optimize health without overloading the heart. Generally, children and adults can perform moderate static exercises of mild intensity without any complications; however, healthcare providers strongly restrict weight lifting in pediatric aged children and even in adults born with cardiac defects. Caution should be maintained to avoid lifting weight of more than 25 pounds in children and more than 50 pounds in adults. Physical therapist and pediatric cardiologist must assess every child individually and advice customized exercises and treatments according to the severity of illness and overall physical health. Treadmill test, bicycling and echocardiography are mainly used as assessment tools as the risk of sudden death increases if vigorous activity is attempted in children born with aortic stenosis, cyanotic heart diseases and coarctation of the aorta.

Hardcore or traditional gym exercises increase cardiac output that may overload the heart and may increase the risk of complications or sudden cardiac death. On the contrary, exercises performed under the guidance of physical therapists serve multiple benefits. Exercise or physical activities are needed in order to build stamina and maintain exercise endurance especially in school going children who engage in physical activities with peers. Physical therapy improves the pace of mental and physical development that allows children to develop healthy social relationships with peers, muscle and motor coordination and mental concordance. Physical therapy and periodic assessments are also needed in order to know the physical capacity of child and to track worsening of cardiac defect with age (in order to avoid accidents or unwanted incidents at schools) by restricting excessive physical activity. In some children, healthcare providers delay surgery until the child crosses some developmental milestones; however, it is very important that until then child stays in best possible physical shape to lessen the risk of surgical complications.

According to the scientific peer-reviewed journal- American Family Physician there are 5 stages of physical activity recommendations of Physical Activity in Children with CHD, ranging from no restriction to extreme limitation of physical activity (wheel chair bound).

Without any physical therapy, the progression into the severe disability is fairly high. It is the duty of parents to promote healthy physical activity but make sure to prevent contact sports or vigorous activities that may affect cardiac functioning.

Heart Disease Age Range

Heart disease age range is not as an obscure topic as one might initially believe. After all, with an aging population it is not unusual for dinner table conversation to turn to when and if heart disease will strike. And quite honestly the topic of heart disease age range, along with what can be done to push it back, or postpone it altogether, has been coming up a lot lately around our dinner table, along with ideas on healthy cooking and getting more exercise.

Heart disease age risk Who is the most vulnerable?

As we age our risk of having a heart attack or stroke increase. Most studies suggest that around the age of 45 the risk for men to rise, and above 55 for women. Basically the older we get the greater our risks of heart disease with the average age for a first heart attack being 66 for men and 70 for women. But if you are younger dont be deceived by these averages, remember they are just averages and young people have heart attacks too. But to answer who is the most vulnerable it is without a doubt the growing senior citizens population.

Heart disease and age risk Why does age play a major role

As we age a number of factors come together to increase the risk of heart attack, artery disease, or stroke. To start with our hearts beat on average about 100,000 times a day and sends 1,800 gallons of blood coursing through our veins daily. Over time the heart simply starts to lose its pumping power and by age 80 the hearts resting capacity has been cut in half.
Another factor is the accumulation of plaque within our arteries which makes it more difficult for the heart to do its job. If not addressed either through surgery or lifestyle modification cholesterol will continue to accumulate in the arteries eventually producing a heart attack or stroke.

Heart disease and age risk Inactivity is often an overlooked risk factor

As we age staying active becomes a greater challenge. Things that used to be a breeze all of the sudden become more difficult. Our joints may constantly ache due to osteoporosis or osteoarthritis. Our breathing may become labored due to smoking, heart strength, or a decline in heart and artery health making physical activity something we would rather avoid. With all of these headwinds it is sometimes just easier to decline an invitation to become more active than accept one. But this type of thinking can get us into trouble according to Center for Disease Control. In statistic compiled by the CDC inactivity was a factor in 39.5 percent of heart attack victims.

Heart disease age range What are the odds of surviving

There are almost two heart attacks every minute in the United States with most occurring in the wee morning hours when blood platelets become sticky and prone to form clots. Ironically, this is not the case for those who take a daily baby dose of aspirin.

The odds of surviving a heart attack are 75 percent for men and 60 percent for women. These are the averages though, and statistically your odds are worse of surviving a coronary event on the weekends when fewer emergency surgeries are scheduled.

If you would like to learn more about heart disease or high cholesterols impact on heart disease Click Here

Diseases Caused by Obesity

What Is The Definition Of Obesity?

The clinical definition of obesity is a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher. A BMI of 40 or higher is the definition of morbid obesity. There are lots of free BMI calculators available online if you wish to check your own BMI. The BMI calculator provided by WebMD is quite easy to use.

BMI Calculations Don’t Work For Very Muscular People

It should be noted that BMI calculations are confused by people with a large amount of muscle. For example, the boxer Mike Tyson would be have been considered “obese” by BMI calculations even when he was at his most fit. Obviously this is not something that effects the great majority of people.

How Many People Are Obese?

The latest statistics suggest that 32% of adult Americans are now obese. That’s very nearly 1 in 3. Although the United States is the “poster child” for obesity, obesity rates are actually raising all over the world.

Obesity Increases The Risk Of These Diseases

1. Diabetes.

2. Cancer.

3. Heart Disease.

4. Liver Disease.

5. Sleep Apnea.

6. Osteoarthritis.

These are only some of the many health problems (diseases) caused by obesity.

Increased Risk Of Death

A BMI of 32 or above is associated with a doubled risk of death.

Reversing & Preventing Obesity

How to reverse and/or prevent obesity? The simple answer is diet & exercise. Many people simply eat too much of the wrong foods and live a sedentary lifestyle which leads to weight gain and eventually obesity. Of course that simple answer doesn’t mean that it’s simple for people to lose weight.

The Day Off Diet

Most diets fail because they are too difficult for people to stick with and/or they make the body go into starvation mode. The Day Off Diet solves both of those problems with it’s weekly “day off” which allows the dieter to eat anything they want once a week. This lets the dieter satisfy their cravings while also boosting the metabolism. Unlike other less successful diets, The Day Off Diet doesn’t require any calorie counting or carb counting.

The Importance Of Strength Training

Increasing muscle is a very under utilized way of fighting obesity. Each pound of muscle burns 50 calories per day even at rest, compared to a pound of fat which burns only 2 calories per day! By adding even 10 pounds of muscle to your body you will be able to burn much more fat. This will make you look far better and will also greatly increase your metabolism for long term weight loss. It will help you to keep the weight off.

The Day Off Diet includes a great strength training program free of charge with the purchase of the online diet plan.